Ancient World History: Roman Empire, Classical Greece, Ancient Armenia & more
If you are learning about ancient civilization or curious about ancient world history, the following pages would be useful. It is fascinating for us to uncover the information on these lost civilizations. We’re covering the time from Ancient History (documented past from the beginning of recorded history to the early Middle ages). We’re working on creating the best educational and reference resources on the web, let us know your thoughts and feedback in the comments section below.
In about 510 BC, Rome witnessed a large-scale protest against the monarchy of the Etruscan kings. In 509 BC Tarquinius Superbus was exiled from Rome. Around 508 BC the Republica Romana, the Roman Republic evolved as the form of government in Rome. Two separate consuls, chief magistrates, were elected by the citizens every year to head the government. Each could veto the other and were bound by the advice of the Senate. Read more..
The transition of Rome from a republic to empire commenced with the many civil wars that broke out in the Roman Republic. The rise of politically influential leaders resulted in a concentration of powers despite the checks intended by the constitution. A number of events led to the rise of the Roman Empire. In 44 BC Julius Caesar was appointed the perpetual dictator of Rome while earlier counsels had been appointed on an annual basis. Following Caesar’s assassination Octavian assumed power and was granted monarchical powers by the Senate. Read more..
By about 500 BC, Greece had outgrown the Archaic Period and had entered the Classical Age. Classical Greece lasted till 323 BC and saw the leadership of two of the best-known Greek rulers – Pericles and Alexander the Great. Read more..
The Sassanid Empire of Persia, also referred to as the Sassanian Empire, was founded in 226 AD in modern day Iran. The Sassanid Empire lasted about 400 years, till 651 AD. Having defeated the Arsacid king Artabanus IV, Ardashir I founded the Sassanid dynasty of Persia. Ardashir I took the name Sassanid from Sassan, his grandfather’s name. Read more..
The earliest mention of Armenia is in the Old Testament of the Bible. The mountain Ararat where Noah’s Ark is believed to have landed after the Great Flood is in Armenia. Evidences of civilization in Armenia dating as far back as 4000 BC have been discovered by archeologists. Armenia was part of the Hittite Empire, the Hayasa- Azzi colony, and the Kingdom of Urartu at various times. The Kingdom of Armenia grew and prospered between 331 BC and 428 AD. Prior to the establishment of the kingdom, Armenia was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Read more..